Facing escalating demands from political leaders and student organisations to push back JEE-NEET exams due to COVID-19 fears, a Home Ministry official indicated that reconsideration was on the cards. However, his Education Ministry colleague denied a rethink was underway.
“As of now the exam dates stand as it is. But the letters by Chief Ministers and other political leaders cannot be ignored,” the Home Ministry official said on background.
A senior government official said the Home Ministry gave a green signal to conduct the exams on the insistence of the Education Ministry. The official said no decision had been taken to reschedule the exams, but letters by several political leaders were being studied.
The Home Ministry’s clearance is required after the Disaster Management Act, 2005 was invoked for the first time in the country in wake of the COVID-19 pandemic in March.
Greta for postponement
Anxious students opposed to holding the examinations under the current circumstances have not only received support from political parties, but also from global youth icon and climate activist Greta Thunberg.
“It’s deeply unfair that students of India are asked to sit national exams during the COVID-19 pandemic and while millions have also been impacted by the extreme floods. I stand with their call to #PostponeJEE_NEETinCOVID,” Ms. Thunberg tweeted on Tuesday.
States : CMs against exams
Earlier in the day, the chief ministers of seven states agreed there is a need to go to the Supreme Court against the centre’s move to conduct the exams amid the pandemic.
Some states, especially those run by the opposition, have asked the centre to defer holding the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) and the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) amid the coronavirus pandemic.
In an online meeting of chief ministers’ today, in which Congress president Sonia Gandhi also participated, Jharkhand Chief Minister Hemant Soren had said that the Centre must facilitate by taking more time, otherwise centre will blame states all over again if something goes wrong. The “burden” of the centre’s move to push ahead with JEE and NEET would “ultimately land on our head”. Several states are working cautiously to bring lives to normal after the coronavirus lockdown and are keeping an eye out for factors that could lead to a spike in COVID-19 cases.
Punjab Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh has asked the state’s Attorney General to speak to his counterparts in other states and draw a blueprint for an appeal in the top court.
On Tuesday, Odisha Chief minister Naveen Patnaik wrote to Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank to postpone the JEE (Main) and NEET examination scheduled to be held in the first fortnight of September to ensure the safety and security of the students.
He said in view of the prevailing pandemic situation in the country, it would be “highly unsafe and perilous for the students to visit the test centres physically.” He added that as a result of frequent localised lockdowns in districts due to sudden increase in number of cases, “the local transportation too gets disrupted.”
Mr Patnaik said though more than 50,000 students were appearing for NEET and around 40,000 students were to appear for JEE (Mains) in the State, only seven townships had examination centres.
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee also wrote a letter — her second in two days — to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, calling for a postponement of the exams to protect the students from grave health risk. She requested the Prime Minister to appeal the Supreme Court to review its verdict to hold the exams in September.
“Today our Government has received a letter from the National Testing Agency for conducting the JEE/NEET examinations from 1st September, 2020. We are really worried and concerned,” she said.
DMK president M.K. Stalin flagged the flood-situation in many parts of the country, adding that the allotted exam centres are not uniformly accessible to all students due to restrictions on public transport.
On August 23, AIMIM Member of Parliament from Hyderabad Asaduddin Owaisi tweeted, “I hope better sense prevails & #JEENEET is postponed. But my advice to students would be that they be prepared for the worst.”
In poll-bound Bihar that has been worst affected by floods, the main Opposition party, Rahstriya Janta Dal (RJD) also demanded that the exams be postponed.
“For the sake of lakhs of students across India and thousands of flood affected students of Bihar, CM @NitishKumar must talk to Central Govt to #POSTPONEJEE_NEET ! Students are precious! They shouldn’t be exposed to Covid Pandemic!” the RJD tweeted.
Last week, the Supreme Court dismissed a plea by 11 students from 11 States to postpone the examinations in the light of the spread of COVID-19.
“In our opinion, though there is pandemic situation, but ultimately life has to go and the career of the students cannot be put on peril for long and full academic year cannot be wasted,” said the apex court, adding that “the examination is going to be held with due precaution and it is not going to be postponed.”
National Testing Agency (NTA)
Following the August 18 order, the National Testing Agency (NTA), was formed in 2017 as an autonomous body to conduct entrance examinations for admissions and fellowships in higher educational institutions. It’s run by a governing body whose chairperson is MS Ananth, former director of Indian Institute of Technology, Madras.
The National Testing Agency that conducts key entrance exams in the country has asked all states to help engineering and medical test candidates to move freely to exam centres amid the coronavirus crisis. Arrangements have been made to sanitise venues, test temperature of candidates, set up separate isolation rooms for students with fever, and six-foot gaps both in seating and entrance and exit procedures. All students will be provided with masks at the venue.The Union Health Secretary, in a letter to all the states, asked them to order their district magistrates to ease inter-district movement so that students can reach their exam centres without facing any issue.
The NTA’s latest direction puts the onus on the states to ensure the exams go smoothly.
“After the release of admit cards, the NTA received representations to postpone these examinations. The agency also received a large number of representations to not postpone these examinations. Both groups of students have given reasons applicable personally to them. In this scenario, NTA visualises no reason for not conducting the examinations and in the interest of students and the country, it has decided to conduct entrance examinations in September,” the NTA said in a statement.
It said the attempt is “to save one academic year”. “The country is about to enter into the fourth phase of un-lockdown (Unlock 4) from September 1, 2020, and many of the activities have opened up. The academic calendar of the current year 2020-21 has also been affected adversely, as in the absence of the entrance examinations, the admissions in the first semester of engineering and medicine undergraduate courses could not happen so far. This has impacted adversely the academic career of the students,” the NTA said.
The NTA said if the entrance exams are postponed further, they will put students of government colleges at a disadvantage as against private college students who do not need to appear for competitive exams and have already started an online module.
The NTA’s reasoning is that some 24 lakh candidates are scheduled to appear in JEE and NEET and losing one academic year for them will put pressure on the system next year to accommodate two years in a single sitting.
More than 8.5 lakh students have registered for the Joint Entrance Examination-Main (JEE-Main), down a lakh from the 9.6 lakh who had registered last year. It is a fully online examination. The JEE Main is used for admission to the National Institutes of Technology and other central engineering universities, as well as a number of State and private engineering institutions. Top rankers will also then be eligible to attempt JEE Advanced, for admission to the elite Indian Institutes of Technology.
JEE-Main was originally supposed to be held from April 7-11, then postponed to July 18-23, and finally rescheduled to September 1-6. JEE-Advanced will be held on September 27. NEET-UG was originally scheduled for May 3, then pushed to July 26, and is now scheduled to be held on September 13.